ABSTRACT: Mestizaje—ethnic, racial and cultural mixing—is a common characteristic of Latin American societies formed out of the amalgamation of indigenous, European and African populations. From the late 19th century forward, mestizaje also figured as an official ideology, as national elites embraced the mestizo as an icon of national unity. In contrast with historical, anthropological and literary studies of mestizaje from above (as ideology, discourse or trope) or below (as social identity). Paul Eiss explores mestizaje in Yucatán, Mexico, as an “in-between” phenomenon to analyze in performative terms: i.e. through a focus on political and theatrical “acts” of racial impersonation that level social critiques even as they may ratify racial or racist stereotypes, as found in Yucatecan teatro regional, a popular 20th century theatrical form that foregrounds features of indigenous Maya origin, from Maya words and phrases, to forms of dress, music and dance associated with rural Maya speakers.